2250 is the first resolution dealing with youth, peace and security from the UN Security Council. 2250 emphasizes the active participation of young people in peace building. Often young people are seen as either actors of violence or its victims. The resolution brings forward a new narrative which is an important step towards eradicating the negative perceptions and prejudices towards youth. The resolution gives a framework to states, the UN and the civil society politicians and programs, which deal with young people from a perspective of peace and security. In the resolution young people are defined as 18-29 year olds. When speaking of youth, it is imperative to understand that the backgrounds or young people differ a lot for instance when looking at nationality, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, skin color, socioeconomic background, culture and/or religion. 2250 is similar to the resolution 1325 on women, peace and security. Lasting peace cannot be built without young people. Strengthening youth participation is also a way to prevent young people from becoming marginalized and preventing violence in armed conflicts. On the other hand, the resolution emphasizes that the special needs of protection of young people must be recognized in conflicts and post-conflict situations. Youth, peace and security is approached in the resolution through the five different themes.
- Participation. The resolution urges national governments to increase youth participation on all levels of decision making in order to prevent and solve conflicts.
- Protection. Young people are seen as a group that is in need of special protection in all stages of conflicts and post-conflict situations.
- Prevention. Young people must be given enough support to engage in social coherence and conflict preventive activities. Preventive activities advance the culture of peace, empathy and youth dialogue between cultures and religions and prevents young people from becoming victims of violence. The resolution also urges to support quality peace education.
- Partnerships. The resolution urges governments to form and strengthen partnerships. This can be done for instance through involving local actors and civil society in questions that have to do with youth, peace and security. Member states are urged to increase support for young people’s own activities that have to do with peace.
- Disengagement, reintegration into society. The resolution urges to acknowledge the special needs of young people in the aforementioned issue, that are used in the post conflict phase to reach lasting peace. Emphasis must be put on the education opportunities, employment of youth and preventing marginalization.
The resolution 2250 gives tools to tackle violent extremism. The violent radicalization and extremism can incur conflicts and threaten international stability and development. The resolution emphasizes, that the largest part of young people do not represent violent actors. Young people have an important role in countering violence and violent extremism. Instead of judging young people, it is crucial to get to the roots of the basic reasons that lead to extremism. The adoption of the resolution brings weight and acknowledgement to the work already being done by young people for sustainable peace. The resolution 2250 gives visibility to the work and initiatives of young people and youth organizations, which strive for increased peace, justice and diversity.